Chai Chun Tea Blogs - All you need to know about Darjeeling Tea

All you need to know about Darjeeling Tea
By ChaiChun Team 12/10/2018 10:02 PM

All you need to know about Darjeeling Tea

Darjeeling tea is specifically grown in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India, and is widely exported and known for its grandeur and aroma, and is also the most sought after tea amongst all varieties. Darjeeling tea is processed into Black, Green, White and Oolong Tea. It produces a thin-bodied with a light colored infusion when brewed properly giving a floral aroma. Teas that gives a hint of astringent tannic liquor and the characteristics of the taste is like a musky spiciness are known as “Muscatel" flavors.

Unlike most Indian teas, Darjeeling tea is normally made from the small-leaves from the Chinese variety of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, rather than the large-leaves from Assam plant (C. sinensis var. assamica). Traditionally, Darjeeling tea is made as black Tea . However, Darjeeling Oolong and Green teas are becoming more commonly produced and easier to find, and a growing number of Tea estates also produces white teas.Darjeeling teas are converted into various other varieties of tea according to their flushes, which can be classified as First Flush (harvested in mid-March following spring rains, and has a gentle, very light colour, aroma, and mild astringency), Second Flush ( harvested in June and produces an amber, full bodied, muscatel-flavoured cup , Monsoon Flush ( harvested during monsoon or rainy season, Monsoon Flush teas are less withered and usually sold at a lower price. It is rarely exported, and often used in masala chai), and lastly, the Autumnal Flush (harvested during autumn, right after the rainy season, it gives a less delicate flavour with lesser spicy tones however fuller body with a darker colour).

Based on these above flushes, three varieties of Darjeeling Tea’s are made by Tea Masters from around the world, namely Darjeeling Black Tea , Darjeeling White Tea, Darjeeling Oolong Tea, and Darjeeling Organic Green Tea.

From garden to cup, as we say, all the teas from Darjeeling tea gardens are hand plucked with care to give the freshest and the perfect tea to the consumers, approximately from over 87 tea estates that have been accorded the right to label its produce as "Darjeeling tea" by the Tea Board of India. Over 9 million kilograms of tea produces from these tea gardens of Darjeeling, and these tea estates covers over 17,500 hectares of land. Many workers are involved and engaged in the tea gardens and each tea estates have their signature tea when it comes to taste and aroma.

There are numerous tea gardens in Darjeeling. To name some of the reputed tea estate in Darjeeling we have Arya, Avongrove, Badamtam, Puttabong, Giddapahar, Barnesbeg and Thurboo. From these tea gardens Darjeeling tea is derived. Darjeeling Tea’s are sold only after they are graded by size and quality.The grades fall into four basic groups: whole leaf, broken leaf, fanning’s, and dust.

Different tea gardens from Darjeeling district produces “White Tea” and every estate produces variant white teas, white tea has a delicate aroma and brews to a pale golden colour with a mellow taste and a hint of sweetness. Darjeeling white tea leaves are very fluffy and light; therefore, it is recommended to use 2 grams of White Tea while brewing and let it steep for 3-4 minutes. Darjeeling oolong is lighter than usual Darjeeling black Tea as it is semi oxidized. The cup gives a yellowish look however the infusion remains green.

The last varieties of Darjeeling Organic Green Tea are produced by several tea estates in Darjeeling. It has more antioxidant polyphenol that helps in a controlling a lot of diseases and fight against cancer-cells.

The last varieties of Darjeeling Organic Green Tea are produced by several tea estates in Darjeeling. It has more antioxidant polyphenol that helps in a controlling a lot of diseases and fight against cancer-cells.